Akatswiri a NASA akulima zakudya zokometsera m'mlengalenga

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Omwe amapanga zakumapeto pake akuyamba ulendo wopita ku Mars ndipo malo akuya adzafunika kuchita zinthu zingapo kuti atengere moyo Padziko Lapansi. Ayenera kutero kuchapa zovala zawo ndikulima zakudya zawo. Izi zithandizira magwiridwe antchito ndikupititsa patsogolo moyo wawo. NASA ikuphunzira kale ukadaulo wosamba zovala mlengalenga. Ndipo kuyambira mu Juni, oyenda pa chombo ku International Space Station akukulitsa mbewu yatsopano. Pambuyo poyesa mbewu zina m'mbuyomu zofufuza, NASA idachepetsa tsabola wa chile ngati njira yodalirika yolimira chakudya mlengalenga. Pakatha miyezi inayi, tidziwa ngati kuyesaku kwachita bwino komanso ngati zipatsozo ndi zotheka kudya.

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Masiku angapo apitawo, NASA yalengeza kuti kuyesa kwa Plant Habitat-04 (PH-04) kudafika ku ISS. Mbeu za tsabola wa Hatch chile zidafika mgululi mu June. Wolemba zakuthambo wa NASA Shane Kimbrough adayambitsa kuyesaku. M'mbuyomu adathandizira kukulitsa letesi yofiira ya romaine pa ISS. Kenako adadya chakudya chomwe amalima mlengalenga ndi ogwira ntchito zaka zingapo zapitazo.

Kukulitsa chakudya mlengalenga ndizovuta

Gulu la NASA Padziko Lapansi lidatsuka ndikubzala mbewu za tsabola 48 pachonyamulira cha sayansi. Ankagwiritsa ntchito dongo kuti mizu ikule. Feteleza wopangidwa tsabola adzatulutsidwa mchidebecho.

Mukafika ku ISS, chipangizocho chidapangidwa kuti chizilowa mu Advanced Plant Habitat (APH).

"APH ndiye malo akulu kwambiri obzala mbewu pamalo osungira danga ndipo ili ndi masensa 180 ndi zowongolera pakuwunika kukula kwa mbewu ndi chilengedwe," watero a director a PH-04 a Nicole Dufour m'mawu awo. "Ndi chipinda chodyera mosiyanasiyana, ndipo chimatithandizira kuwongolera kuyesa kwa Kennedy, ndikuchepetsa nthawi yomwe akatswiri azanyengo amakhala akugulira mbewu."

Kennedy's Space Station Processing Facility (SSPF) idzawunika zoyeserera za Earth. Adzawongolera kuthirira, kuyatsa kwa LED, ndi zina. Mu Seputembala, gululi lidzalima tsabola wa tsabola Padziko Lapansi mofanana ndi chakudya chatsopano cha ISS.

Tsabola zimakula kwa miyezi inayi mu APH asayansi asanadye zakudya zokometsera zatsopano. Tsabola zimadya ndikamabiriwira, koma zimakhala zofiira zikakhwima bwinobwino.

Cholinga chake ndikuti ogwira nawo ntchito adye tsabola wina mlengalenga, poganiza kuti zipatsozo zimayesa chitetezo. Mbewu zotsalazo zifika Padziko Lapansi kuti zikayesenso kumalabu a NASA.

Chifukwa chiyani tsabola wa chile?

NASA idalongosola kuti idasanthula mitundu yoposa khumi ndi iwiri ya tsabola padziko lonse lapansi kwazaka ziwiri. Adasankha tsabola wa NuMex 'Española Improved', dzina lodziwika bwino la mitundu ingapo ya chile kuchokera ku Hatch, New Mexico.

Bungwe lofufuza zakumlengalenga lidalongosola kuti chimodzi mwazovuta zomwe akatswiri akuyenera kuchita kuti athane ndi zosungira. Amafuna mbewu zomwe sizikusowa malo ambiri. Komanso, amafunikira mbewu zomwe sizikufuna kukonza kwambiri.

Tsabola mumakhala zakudya zopatsa thanzi komanso mavitamini C ambiri, mwina kuposa Vitamini C m'mitengo ina ya zipatso. Mawonekedwe awo okongola atha kukhalanso ndi phindu paumoyo wamaganizidwe a akatswiri. Ponena za kununkhira kwawo, NASA idalongosola kuti ogwira nawo ntchito atha kutaya kununkhiza ndi kulawa kwawo mlengalenga. Ndicho chifukwa chake zokometsera zakudya zimatha kubwera mlengalenga.

Ofufuza a NASA amafunanso kuyeza mtundu wa chakudya cham'mlengalenga. Adzatola malingaliro kuchokera kwa ogwira ntchito pazakudya ndi kapangidwe kake. Afananizira tsabola wam'mlengalenga ndi mbewu yolamulira Padziko Lapansi.

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Nkhaniyi idayamba koyamba (mu Chingerezi) https://bgr.com/science/nasa-astronauts-are-growing-spicy-food-in-space/

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