Kodi "beurettes" dzina la? - Achinyamata ku Africa

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M'buku lawo "Beurettes, un fantasme français", a Sarah Diffalah ndi a Salima Tenfiche amafotokoza zovuta za azimayi ochokera m'mabanja aku North Africa pakupeza malo awo ku France.


Kukhala "beurette", kukhala "beur": mzaka makumi anayi, mawu awa omwe adasankha ana aku Maghreb osamukira kwawo awona tanthauzo lawo likukhumudwitsidwa, kusokonezedwa. Adabadwa mu 1980, kumbukirani Sarah Diffalah ndi Salima Tenfiche, olemba nawo bukuli Beurettes, zopeka zaku France, lofalitsidwa ndi Editions du Seuil. Poyamba, inali siteshoni ya pa wailesi, Radio Beur, yomwe idawona kuwala kwa tsiku mu 1981. Kenako mawuwa adakhala odziwika panthawi yoguba yofanana komanso yolimbana ndi tsankho mu 1983.

Masiku ano, mawu oti "beurettes" ali pamwamba pazofufuza zomwe zachitika zolaula ndipo zimakhala zonyoza. Kodi tafika bwanji kuno? Sarah Difallah, mtolankhani ku Obs, ndi Salima Tenfiche, wophunzira paukadaulo wamaphunziro a kanema wodziwika bwino mu cinema waku Algeria komanso mphunzitsi wa nkhani ku University of Paris-Diderot, akuwunikanso momwe ntchito yawo idasinthira ndikusintha kwa chiganizo chachiwawa.

Osagonana kapena kuphimba

"Beurettes, zopeka zaku France" zidatulutsidwa pa Meyi 6, 2021 (masamba 320, € 21,5).

"Beurettes, zopeka zaku France" zidatulutsidwa pa Meyi 6, 2021 (masamba 320, € 21,5). © Editions du Seuil

Iwo akhala ali mabwenzi nthawi zonse, amakulira limodzi, koma sanafunse kwenikweni za komwe adachokera, kupatula kuzungulira ma anecdotes. "Tidaseka machitidwe a mabanja athu, koma osatinso zina," akukumbukira Sarah. Ali ndi zaka 30, amakhala usiku wonse akugwira zokambirana zomwe zatayika: tchuthi cha chilimwe ndi banja, mbiri yawo, ubale wawo ndi miyambo… ndikudzifunsa kuti: "Chifukwa chiyani tidalibe?" Kodi tikukana dzina lathu, chikhalidwe chathu? Tidadabwa kuti ndichifukwa chiyani sichinthu chomwe timafuna kulimbikitsa. Mwina zidalumikizidwa ndikuti ku France, kukhala Arab anali ndi atolankhani oyipa ... Tonse tidazindikira kuti sitinataye mwayi wokhala pazinsinsi zathu mwa akatswiri athu. of clichés: umayenera kukhala msungwana wochokera kumadera oyandikana ndi pakamwa, kapena mkazi wogonana kwambiri, kapena mkazi wophimba. Sitinali a iwo. Ndipo titawauza kuti ndife ndani, zomwe timachita, olankhula nawo anatiyankha modabwa: "Ah, sindikadanena izi." Kotero ngati ife tinadziyesa tokha monga choncho, akazi ena akanakhoza kukhala atakumana ndi zomwezo, ndipo akufuna kuyankhula za izo? "

M'mawu ake oyamba m'bukuli, wolemba Alice Zenitzer akuwuzanso kuti wowerenga adamuwonetsa kuti chikhalidwe chake cha Naïma, mu Luso Losochera (lofalitsidwa ndi matembenuzidwe a Flammarion, 2017), zinali zosatheka. Alidi mkazi waulere, yemwe amasuta, kumwa komanso kugona ndi amuna. M'malo mwake, khalidweli likadakhala "lokakamizidwa". Wolemba, yemwe amakumbukira za makolo ake, amawerenga mizereyi ndi kapu ya vinyo mmanja, ndudu pakamwa pake, limodzi ndi mwamuna yemwe si mwamuna wake. Nkhaniyi inafotokoza mwachidule Atsikana achiarabu, amene amafunsa: Kodi muli ndi ufulu wokhala ndani pomwe muli mzimayi wochokera ku North Africa ku France?

Slalom pakati pa kuwombera

Mawu oti "beurettes" amafika mwachangu pakufufuza. Kwa Sarah Diffalah ndi Salima Tenfiche, ndi "mawu achikale, achikale", omwe sanawagwiritse ntchito. Sarah Diffalah amakumbukira Julayi 14 pomwe adawona tweet yochokera patsamba lolaula yomwe idalengeza monyadira kuti mawuwa anali pamwamba pazopempha makanema. "M'mbuyomu, timagwiritsa ntchito kuyankhula za mwana wamkazi wa alendo obwera bwino, chizindikiro cha kuyanjana kwa Republican yemwe adaphunzira, yemwe samapanga mafunde ... Ndipo mwadzidzidzi, zidakhala zofanana ndi mtsikana wopangidwanso, wachikazi kwambiri, zonyansa kwambiri, malingaliro omwe amatchedwa "shisha beurette", "akufotokoza.

Matupi ndi miyoyo ya azimayi achiarabu nthawi zonse amakhala olamulira okha, kaya ndi gulu kapena anthu ammudzi.

Ichi ndi chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe zimakhudza azimayi achiarabu. Tizipeza chifukwa cha azimayi azaka zonse omwe amachitira umboni zakusaka malo awo, kunja kwa nyumba zomwe timayembekezera. Amayi omwe amayenda pakati pa gulu lachifalansa lomwe limapitilizabe kuwawona kudzera pama clichés komanso mabanja aku North Africa omwe nthawi zina amakhala ndiulemu wazikhalidwe. “Matupi ndi miyoyo ya azimayi achiarabu nthawi zonse amakhala opendekera, kaya ndi gulu kapena anthu ammudzi. Tiyenera kupanga akazi onga awa kapena onga awo. Ndipo zomwe amafunsidwa ndizotsutsana. "

Mafunso okhudzana ndi kugonana ndi kukondana amakhala ndi malo ofunika m'bukuli. Chimodzi mwazinthu zovuta kwambiri ndikuti kaya mugonere musanalowe m'banja kapena ayi. M'modzi mwa omwe adafunsidwapo akadali ndi mlandu, patadutsa zaka eyiti, chifukwa chopeza chibwenzi asanakwatirane.

Munthawi yonseyi, tazindikira kuti azimayi achiarabu achiwerewere amaonedwa mopitilira gawo lawo lachinsinsi, ngati kuti moyo wawo wachinsinsi "umakhudzanso" mabanja, ngakhale gulu lonse. Ndicho chizindikiro cha ulemu kapena kusakhulupirika kwa womaliza. M'modzi mwa iwo anafotokoza kuti "adadzimva pakati pa chithunzi cha msungwana wabwino wachisilamu ndi zokhumba zake ngati mkazi wodziyimira pawokha komanso womasulidwa kwa makolo ake".

A Sarah Diffalah akuyankha kuti: "Zikusonyeza kuwopa kwake kupanga zisankho zomwe zitha kusokoneza dera lawo. Achichepere kwambiri, amayi amafunika kutenga maudindo akuluakulu. Koma ngakhale kulemera kwake kwa zopatulika, kapena kungogwira ntchito kwa banjali: "Amayi onse omwe tidawafunsa ali ndi ufulu, koma amatengedwa ndi mavuto. "

"Msungwana wopambana waku North Africa"

Kuyika pakati pa zokhumba zathu, madera oyandikana nawo komanso chikhalidwe chawo kumapangidwa kukhala kovuta kwambiri chifukwa mbiri imaphedwa nthawi zambiri. Kuphatikiza apo, azimayi angapo amatulutsa "manyazi" komwe adachokera, mpaka kuvomereza kuti: "Ndidakumana ndi Aarabu kukhala onyansa. "Alice Zenitzer alembanso, kuti:" Nditasindikiza Luso Losochera, mwanjira ina, ndinasiya kuthekera kopititsa patsogolo chophimba kumaso: Ndinanena pagulu chomwe kusokonekera kwanga kunali, banja, komanso mawonekedwe onse omwe amandiyang'ana pomwe ndimalimbikitsa bukuli akhala akuyang'aniridwa . Bukuli, limafotokoza za kufunafuna komwe mtsikana yemwe adapeza ubale wapabanja lankhondo laku Algeria.

Kuti tigwirizanenso ndi zikhalidwe zathu, tiyenera kupeza cholowa chathu

Kusakhala ndi nkhani yanu kumakhala kovuta kudzilandira, lembani Sarah Diffalah ndi Salima Tenfiche. "Ndi Salima, tidazindikira kuti anthu omwe tikukhala nawo amadziwa bwino zamakoloni kuposa ife. Pali chosowa chokumbukira pagulu ngati pagulu, chifukwa chakupwetekedwa mtima. Kuti tigwirizanenso ndi zikhalidwe zathu, tiyenera kupeza cholowa chathu ", adatero olembawo. Kuululira mbiriyakale ya izi kuchokera kwa ana, kuwapatsa makiyi, kumatha kuyendetsa njirayi.

Kulemba bukuli inali mwayi wolimbikitsa mawu azimayi ndikuwapangitsa kuwonekera. Kwa Sarah Diffalah, "kupita patsogolo" pamafunsowa kumaphatikizaponso kukonzanso malingaliro wamba, makamaka popereka gawo mu sinema kwa azimayi aku Maghrebi popanda makolo awo kukhala "omvera" pantchito yopangidwa. Zomwe Sabrina Ouazani akutsimikizira, kudzera pamakhalidwe ake a Charlotte pamndandandawu Dongosolo Lamtima.

Kapenanso poyimitsa kuti atchule azimayi achiarabu ngati "atsikana opambana ochokera ku North Africa". Wotsogolera Zahia Ziouani nthawi zambiri amaperekedwa kudzera ku geography yakunyumba, ndikutanthauza kuti ulendo wake wopambana ndi wodabwitsa kwambiri. Sarah Diffalah akubwezanso: "Ukhoza kukhala wachiarabu, wokonda nyimbo ndikukonda Mozart, sizodabwitsa! "

Nkhaniyi idayamba koyamba https://www.jeuneafrique.com/1206465/societe/immigration-de-quoi-beurettes-est-il-le-nom/

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