Dziwani kusiyana pakati pa matenda amtima ndi kumangidwa kwadzidzidzi kwamtima

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Dziwani kusiyana pakati pa matenda amtima ndi kumangidwa kwadzidzidzi kwamtima

 

Nthawi zambiri anthu amagwiritsa ntchito mawuwa mosayenera, koma si ofanana nawo.

Matenda a mtima amachitika magazi akamatsekera pamtima, ndipo kumangidwa kwamtima kwadzidzidzi kumachitika mtima ukalephera ndipo mwadzidzidzi umasiya kugunda mosayembekezeka.

Matenda a mtima ndi vuto la "kufalikira" ndipo kumangidwa kwamtima kwadzidzidzi ndimavuto "amagetsi".

 

Matenda a mtima amachitika pamene mtsempha wotsekedwa umatseka magazi olemera okosijeni kuti asafike kumtima. Mitsempha yotsekedwa ikatsegulidwa mwachangu, gawo la mtima lomwe nthawi zambiri limaperekedwa ndi mtsemphawo limayamba kufa. Kutalika komwe munthu samalandira chithandizo, kumawononga kwambiri.

Zizindikiro za matenda a mtima zimatha kukhala zachangu komanso zoopsa. Nthawi zambiri, zizindikiro zimayamba pang'onopang'ono ndikupitilira kwa maola, masiku, kapena milungu isanachitike matenda amtima. Mosiyana ndi kumangidwa kwamtima kwamtima, mtima samasiya kugunda pakadwala mtima.

Zizindikiro za matenda amtima mwa amayi zitha kukhala zosiyana ndi za amuna.

Kodi kumangidwa kwamtima ndi chiyani?

Kumangidwa kwamtima mwadzidzidzi kumachitika modzidzimutsa komanso nthawi zambiri popanda chenjezo. Zimayambitsidwa ndi kusokonekera kwamagetsi kwamtima komwe kumayambitsa kugunda kwamtima kosafunikira (arrhythmia).

Ndi kupopera kwake kosokoneza, mtima sungapope magazi kupita ku ubongo, mapapo, ndi ziwalo zina. Masekondi angapo pambuyo pake, munthu amataya chikumbumtima ndipo salinso ndi chidwi. Imfa imachitika mkati mwa mphindi zochepa ngati wozunzidwayo sakulandila chithandizo.

Kodi ulalo ndi chiyani?

Mitundu iwiri yosiyanayi ya mtima imalumikizidwa. Kumangidwa kwamtima mwadzidzidzi kumatha kuchitika pambuyo podwala mtima kapena pakuchira. Matenda a mtima amachulukitsa chiopsezo chomangidwa mwadzidzidzi ndi mtima.

Matenda ambiri amtima samatsogolera mtima womangidwa mwadzidzidzi. Koma pakamangidwa mwadzidzidzi mtima, mtima umayamba chifukwa chofala.

Mavuto ena amtima amathanso kusokoneza kugunda kwa mtima ndikupangitsa kumangidwa kwamtima kwadzidzidzi.

Izi zimaphatikizapo minofu yolimba ya mtima (cardiomyopathy), kulephera kwa mtima, arrhythmias, makamaka fibrillation yamitsempha yamagetsi, ndi matenda a QT aatali.

Kuchita mwachangu kumatha kupulumutsa miyoyo. Dziwani zoyenera kuchita ngati wina ali ndi vuto la mtima kapena wamangidwa mtima.

Zoyenera kuchita: matenda amtima

Pachizindikiro choyamba cha matenda amtima, ndikofunikira kutero lankhulani ndi wozunzidwayo kuti mumvetse momwe zinthu ziliri, ikani mpumulo et itanani zadzidzidzi.

Koposa zonse, tsatirani malangizo othandizira oyamba. Chithandizo chadzidzidzi chimatha kuyambira ku ambulansi kapena kuchipatala.

Kutengera ndi kuuma kwake, ndizotheka kuthana ndi vuto la mtima pomamwa mankhwala, kulandira chithandizo chamankhwala, kapena kusintha moyo wanu.

Ogwira ntchito odziwa ntchito amaphunzitsidwanso kuti atsitsimutse munthu amene mtima wake waima. Odwala omwe ali ndi ululu pachifuwa omwe amafika ndi ambulansi nthawi zambiri amalandiranso chithandizo mwachangu kuchipatala.

Zoyenera kuchita: Kumangidwa kwamtima mwadzidzidzi

Yemwe wamangidwa pamtima ali pangozi yakufa msanga. Zochita zitatu ndizofunikira kuchita kuti mupatse wovutikayo mwayi uliwonse wopulumuka podikirira thandizo kuti lifike: Chenjezo, Kutikita ndi Defibrillate mwachangu momwe zingathere.

Gawo 1: Chenjetsani ntchito zadzidzidzi

Mukamapempha thandizo mwachangu, wozunzidwayo amasamaliridwa msanga.

Gawo 2: Chitani kutikita minofu ya mtima


Kutikita mtima kumalowetsa ntchito ya mtima munjira yopangira kwakanthawi kuti magazi aziyenda bwino komanso mpweya wabwino umafika kuubongo.

Gawo 3: Gwiritsani ntchito defibrillator posachedwa

Kuyambira pomwe ma elekitirodi a defibrillator amaikidwa pa wozunzidwayo, defibrillator imawunika momwe magetsi amagwirira ntchito mumtima.

Ngati izindikira momwe mavitamini a ventricular alili, ndiye kuti defibrillator imapangitsa kugwedezeka kwamagetsi komwe cholinga chake ndikubwezeretsanso zochitika zamagetsi pamtima kuti ziyambirenso.

Ndizotetezeka kugwiritsa ntchito chosinthira. Zambiri zimangokhala zokha ndipo zimakutsogolerani ndi mawu. Simungapange chisankho cholakwika, ndipo ngati munthuyo akupuma, sangadabwe.

Zaumoyo: Pezani kusiyana pakati pa matenda amtima ndi kumangidwa kwamtima kwadzidzidzi

 

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