Ndani akuyambitsa kuwonjezeka kwaposachedwa kwamilandu yaku America yotsutsana ndi Semitic?

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Ndani akuyambitsa kuwonjezeka kwaposachedwa kwamilandu yaku America yotsutsana ndi Semitic?

 

Pomwe dziko lapansi limayang'ana mkwiyo wankhondo ku Israel ndi Gaza, Ayuda aku America adakumana ndi kuwonjezeka kwa ziwopsezo zotsutsana ndi Semitic pamlingo wosawoneka m'mikangano yapitayi ku Middle East.

Akatswiri akuti ndi molawirira kwambiri kunena ngati ziwopsezo zomwe zidachitika - kuphatikiza mkangano wamasana ku Times Square ku New York City - zikuwonetsa zomwe zikuchitika kapena ndi gawo lazomwe zakhala zikuchitika mdziko muno masiku ano. .

Ziwawa komanso kuzunzidwa kwa Ayuda aku America zidaphulika kuchokera kugombe ndi nyanja munthawi yamasiku 11 akumenyana pakati pa Aisraeli ndi Apalestina omwe adatha pomaliza pa Meyi 20.

Zochitikazo zikuphatikizapo kudya kwa alfresco ku Los Angeles komwe kunagwidwa ndi gulu lomwe linali ndi mbendera za Palestina, nkhanza kwa Ayuda achi Orthodox ku New York City - kwawo kwa Ayuda ochulukirapo kunja kwa Israeli - ndi zithunzi za Nazi zomwe zidasungidwa m'sunagoge ku Alaska sabata ino .

Ziwonetsero za Pro-Palestine komanso kuwononga odana ndi Chiyuda m'masunagoge - zomwe zimalimbikitsa chitetezo mwachangu chifukwa cha ziwopsezozi - zalembedwanso ku Illinois ndi Florida.

Lolemba, Purezidenti Joe Biden adalemba pa Twitter kuti: "Ziwopsezo zomwe zachitika posachedwa pagulu lachiyuda ndizonyansa ndipo ziyenera kutha. "

Ayuda achi Orthodox ndi omwe ali pachiwopsezo makamaka chifukwa cha kavalidwe kapaderaCOPYRIGHT OF ChithunziGETTY IMAGES
nthanoAyuda achi Orthodox ndi omwe ali pachiwopsezo makamaka chifukwa cha kavalidwe kapadera

Kodi ziwerengero zaposachedwa zikuwonetsa chiyani?

Malinga ndi apolisi aku New York City, malipoti 80 amilandu yodana ndi Asemite adanenedwa chaka chino, kuchokera 62 munthawi yomweyo chaka chatha. Akulitsa kulondera m'malo achiyuda, makamaka m'malo achiyuda achi Orthodox momwe kuwonekera kwa zovala zachikhalidwe zachiyuda kumawonjezera mwayi woukiridwa.

Anti-Defamation League (ADL), yomwe imatsata zochitika zachiwawa komanso tsankho lachiyuda, akuti idawona kuchuluka kwa 75% mu malipoti odana ndi Semitism m'maofesi aboma 25 atayamba kumenyanako kwa Israeli ndi Palestina.

Chiwerengerochi chidakwera kuchokera pazinthu 127 m'masabata awiri nkhondo isanakwane mpaka 222 m'masabata awiri chiyambireni chiwawa.

Oren Segal, wachiwiri kwa purezidenti wa ADL Center on Extremism, akuti kuphulika komweku kudachitikanso m'mikangano yam'mbuyomu ya Israeli ndi Palestina.

"Nthawi zambiri, sizodabwitsa kuwona kukwera chifukwa chakutukwana komanso mkwiyo womwe umabwera chifukwa chotsutsana," akutero.

“Ziwonetsero zambiri, madandaulo ambiri ndipo nthawi zina zimabweretsa ziwonetsero zambiri zotsutsana ndi Semitism komanso zochitika zotsutsana ndi Semitism. "

Ku United States, Chiyuda ndichipembedzo chomwe omvera ake amakhulupirira zikhulupiriro zosiyanasiyana zandale. Otsutsa aku Israeli nthawi zina amasokoneza Israeli, dziko lokhalo lachiyuda padziko lapansi, ndi Chiyuda chipembedzo.

Myuda wa Orthodox pazionetsero zotsutsana ndi PalestinaCOPYRIGHT OF ChithunziGETTY IMAGES
nthanoUmodzi mwa magulu a Orthodox ku New York amachirikiza mwamphamvu ufulu waku Palestina

Ma media media adathandizanso kwambiri, Segal akuti. ADL yakhala ikutsatira maumboni ochulukirapo pa Twitter pama hashtag a pro-Nazi kuyambira pomwe nkhondoyo idayamba.

 

Anti-Semitism ku United States idangowonjezera "zochepa kwambiri" munkhondo zina m'mbiri ya Israeli - mu 1967, 1973 komanso panthawi yazipanduko za Palestina mzaka zam'ma 1990 ndi 2000, atero a Yehudah Mirsky, pulofesa waku Brandeis University yemwe amaphunzira Chiyuda chamakono . nkhani.

"Tidawonapo zinthu ngati izi kale," akutero Mirksy. "Ndi molawirira kwambiri kuti tisanthule manambala. Koma zikuwoneka ngati zochulukirapo. Zikuwoneka zambiri. "

Ananenanso kuti mkanganowu nthawi zina umagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi omenyera ufulu waku America amitundu yonse kuti "apange magawano", ochokera kumadera osiyanasiyana monga Steve Bannon komanso antifa, gululi. anasiya omenyera ufulu.

"Mwanjira zambiri, nkhondo yapadziko lonse - pakati pa magulu awiri amitundu - yasinthidwa kukhala chimango cha America poziwona ngati nkhondo yokhudza ufulu wachibadwidwe," akutero pamkangano.

"M'zaka zaposachedwa, pomwe anthu adazungulira pazinthu zonga 'tsankho" komanso "kuyeretsa mafuko," mawuwa amachotsa Israeli mndale ndikukhala olimbana mwamakhalidwe.

Mirsky akuti nkhondo yamakhalidwe abwino imasokoneza chowonadi kuti mkangano ndi "mkhalidwe wovuta kwambiri wandale."

"Ndipo zimangokhala nthano yakuda ndi yoyera yamakhalidwe yomwe oyipa sangakhale ndi chifukwa - ndipo oyipa amakhala Aisraeli ndi anthu omwe amawathandiza." "

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Kodi chikuwonjezera chiyani pakukula kwa anti-Semitism?

Lipoti la pachaka lofalitsidwa ndi ADL mu Epulo adawulula kuti zochitika za anti-Semiti 2024 zidanenedwa mu 2020, kutsika kwa 4% kuchokera pamakalata apamwamba ku 2019.

Chaka chatha adakhala ndi nambala yachitatu pamilandu yakuzunzidwa, kuzunzidwa komanso kuwonongeka kwa Ayuda aku America kuyambira pomwe ADL idayamba kutsatira zomwe zidachitika mu 1979.

 

Akatswiri akuti ziwopsezo zaposachedwa zikukankhidwa kuposa kale ndi andale akumanzere. Zimabwera pomwe othandizira ma Palestina amatsutsa Ayuda aku America pazomwe boma la Israeli lachita.

"Kwa zaka zinayi, akuwoneka kuti akulimbikitsidwa ndi ufulu andale, zomwe zidakhala ndi zotsatirapo zoyipa," adatero. analengeza Jonathan Greenblatt wa ADL ku The New York Times.

Koma pakuukira kwaposachedwa kwambiri, "palibe amene wavala chipewa cha Maga," adaonjeza, ponena za zipewa za Make America Great Again zomwe zidaperekedwa ndi omutsatira a Trump.

Zambiri zotsutsana ndi Semitism ku United States zimayambira kumanja, kuphatikiza wamfuti yemwe adapha anthu 11 m'sunagoge ya Pittsburgh ku 2018.

Pamsonkhano wa 2017 ku Charlottesville, omenyera ufulu wakumanja adayimba "Ayuda sadzalowa m'malo mwathu"COPYRIGHT OF ChithunziGETTY IMAGES
nthanoPamsonkhano wa 2017 ku Charlottesville, omenyera ufulu wakumanja adayimba 'Ayuda sadzalowa m'malo mwathu'

Koma a ADL a Oren Segal ati zilibe kanthu kuti ndi mbali iti yazandale yomwe ili kumbuyo kwa gulu lotsutsana ndi Chiyuda.

“Anti-Semitism si vuto lamapiko akumanja. Si nkhani yakumanzere. Ili ndi vuto palokha. Ndiwopadera, popeza kuti ngakhale munthu atakhala ndi malingaliro otani, amatha kugwiritsa ntchito ma Semitic Tropics kuti apange mfundo ngati angasankhe.

“Nthawi zina sizimachokera kumanzere kwenikweni kapena kumanja, koma amangotsutsa Semite. "

Anatinso anthu wamba monga MP waku Georgia a Marjorie Taylor Greene, omwe anayerekezera njira zothanirana ndi matenda a coronavism ndi Holocaust, yomwe idapha Ayuda sikisi miliyoni, idathandizira kwambiri pakulimbana ndi Semitism ku USA.

"Wogwira ntchito pagulu, kaya kumanzere kapena kumanja, yemwe amayika njira zomwe anthu odana ndi Semite amagwiritsa ntchito, ili ndi vuto," akuwonjezera.

"Kusintha kwodana ndi Semitala, ndikuganiza, kumakhudzana kwambiri ndi kuchuluka kwa ziphuphu kuposa momwe mungaganizire. "

Mauthenga 5 oti mutumize kwa wakale wanu ngati mukufuna kuti mumubwezere

Nkhaniyi idayamba koyamba pa: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-57286341

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