Zomwe muyenera kudziwa za Mphotho ya Nobel yaposachedwa

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Zomwe muyenera kudziwa za Mphotho ya Nobel yaposachedwa

Chaka chino, mphotho ya Nobel Peace Prize yapatsidwa ku United Nations World Food Program (WFP), kuyamika zoyesayesa zake polimbana ndi njala padziko lapansi.

Bungwe la United Nations lathokozedwanso chifukwa "chakhazikitsa bata pamtendere" ndikuletsa kugwiritsa ntchito njala ngati chida chankhondo.

Komiti ya Nobel idalengeza kuti ntchito ya WFP ndi "bizinesi yomwe mayiko onse padziko lapansi athe kuvomereza ndikuthandizira".

Izi ndi zomwe muyenera kudziwa.

Kodi idapangidwira bwanji, nanga ndi liti?

Yakhazikitsidwa mu 1961, WFP imapereka thandizo la chakudya kumadera osatetezeka, makamaka omwe akhudzidwa ndi nkhondo.

Linapangidwa ndi pempho la Purezidenti wa US Dwight D. Eisenhower kuti apereke thandizo la chakudya kudzera mu bungwe la United Nations, lomwe linali litangoyamba kumene.

Woyang'anira wamkulu wa World Food Program (WFP) a David Beasley apita kumsonkhano wa atolankhani wonena za chakudya ku Yemen ku United Nations ku Geneva, Switzerland, Disembala 4, 2018.Zithunzi zopanda pakeREUTERS
nthanoMtsogoleri wa WFP wapano David Beasley adayamika antchito omwe "amaika miyoyo yawo pangozi tsiku lililonse"

Pulogalamuyi yachitapo kanthu pazadzidzidzi zingapo padziko lonse lapansi kuyambira pano. Chaka chatha chokha, WFP idati idathandiza anthu 97 miliyoni m'maiko 88.

Maboma ndi omwe amapereka ndalama zambiri - zopereka zake zazikulu kwambiri zimachokera ku United States, Germany ndi United Kingdom. Ndalamazo zimaperekedwanso ku WFP ndi mabizinesi komanso anthu.

Akuchita chiyani kumunda?

Cholinga chachikulu cha pulogalamuyi ndikulimbikitsa mtendere ndi bata polimbikitsa chitetezo cha chakudya ndi zakudya zabwino.

Kuti izi zitheke, WFP ikugwira nawo ntchito zosiyanasiyana, kuphatikizapo mapulojekiti omwe cholinga chake ndi kulimbikitsa chakudya, misika yakomweko komanso kupirira mavuto azanyengo.

Awiri mwa magawo ake akulu pantchito ndi:

Yemen

  • WFP imadyetsa anthu 13 miliyoni - pafupifupi theka la anthu aku Yemen - dzikolo likulimbana ndi nkhondo yapachiweniweni komanso umphawi wadzaoneni

Nthano ya ofalitsa nkhaniMavuto ku Yemen: zaka zisanu za njala, zaka zisanu za nkhondo
  • Zimasokonezedwa ndi zomangamanga, kuchepa kwa ndalama, kuchepa kwa mwayi komanso kusowa kwamgwirizano wapadziko lonse lapansi
  • Mu Epulo, WFP idalengeza kuti opereka ndalama ena adayimitsa thandizo pazovuta zakuti kutumizidwa kungasokonezeke.
  • Akuti akufunikira mwachangu ndalama zoposa $ 500 miliyoni ($ 385 miliyoni) kuti awonetsetse kuti chakudya sichisokonezedwa mpaka Marichi 2021

South Sudan

  • Chiyambire kupeza ufulu kuchokera ku Sudan mu 2011, mbali zina za South Sudan zakhudzidwa ndi njala ndi umphawi, zomwe zimayambitsidwa ndi ziwawa zamitundu mitundu
  • WFP yati pafupifupi anthu mamiliyoni asanu ndi awiri - 60% ya anthu - akuvutika kupeza chakudya chokwanira tsiku lililonse
Nyumba yomizidwa ndi madziZithunzi zopanda pakeUN-IOM
nthanoKu South Sudan, malo akuluakulu pafupi ndi mtsinje wa Nailo amathiriridwa nthawi zonse ndi kusefukira kwamadzi nthawi zina
  • WFP imapereka thandizo la chakudya kwa anthu theka la miliyoni, thandizo la ndalama, chakudya kusukulu ndi chithandizo cha kuperewera kwa zakudya m'thupi
  • Akuti akusowa $ 596 miliyoni kuti awonetsetse kuti chakudya sichisokonezedwa mpaka Marichi chaka chamawa
  • A Matthew Hollingworth, wamkulu wa gululi, adauza BBC kuti kukwera mitengo kwa ndalama komanso mitengo yazakudya ikupitilizabe kuyambitsa mavuto, koma kuti WFP yachepetsa kudalira kwawo thandizo lakunja ndikulimbikitsa kukhazikika m'derali.

Ndi mavuto ena ati omwe amakumana nawo?

Ngakhale kupambana kwake, kudula ndalama kwatsimikizira kuti ndi cholepheretsa ntchito ya WFP m'malo ambiri padziko lapansi.

Ndiye pali Covid-19.

Kumayambiriro kwa chaka chino, adachenjeza kuti mliri wa coronavirus ukhoza kuyambitsa njala zofala "za m'Baibulo."

Mliri wapadziko lonse walepheretsa kale kugwira ntchito momasuka padziko lonse lapansi, pamene mayiko akutseka malire awo kuti athetse kufalikira kwa kachilomboka.

Kodi palinso zotsutsa?

Ngakhale idalandila chaposachedwa kuchokera ku Nobel Prize Committee, WFP yakhala ikuwonekera m'mbuyomu - osati nthawi zonse pazifukwa zomveka.

Kumayambiriro kwa mbiri yake, gululi lidayimbidwanso mlandu wothandizira zachuma zaku US pogula zopangidwa. WFP yakhala ikuyesa kukhazikitsa malire pakati pogula kwanuko ndikuletsa kukwera mtengo kwamitengo kwa chakudya.

Akatswiri ena azachuma, monga Mkenya James Shikwati, anenanso kuti WFP imapangitsa mayiko ena kudaliranso thandizo kuchokera kunja.

Ndipo pakufufuza kwamkati chaka chatha, anthu osachepera 28 adati adagwiriridwa kapena kugwiriridwa akugwira ntchito kubungweli. Oposa 640 adanena kuti adachitapo kapena adazunzidwa.

Nkhaniyi idayamba koyamba pa: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-54477214

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