Akazi Akumudzi Achi Morocco - Kanema

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Wopanga mafilimu: Bouchra Ijork

Pamapiri a Atlas m'chigawo chapakati cha Morocco pali midzi yakutali yomwe ili pafupi kwambiri ndi azimayi a Amazigh, chifukwa chakugawika pakati pa osauka akumatauni ndi akumidzi, kusakhazikika kwaulimi waku Moroccan komanso kusowa kwachitukuko cham'madera. Amuna awo amasamukira kwakanthawi kukagwira ntchito zaulimi kapena zam'mizinda m'malo ena.

Pomwe amuna omwe kulibe ntchito amatumiza ndalama kwawo, azimayi amasiyidwa kuti azisamalira ana, amakonda kubzala mbewu ndi ziweto popanda kuthandizidwa ndi ena. "Akazi sangathe kutsagana ndi amuna awo," atero a Fatma Kadjik, ochokera m'mudzi wa Tiklit, chifukwa chake akazi okwatiwa ayenera kuphunzira kukhala paokha.

Mu 2005, Morocco idayamba ntchito yake ya National Human Development Initiative Support Project ndi bajeti ya miliyoni dollars yomwe cholinga chake ndi kukonza miyoyo ya anthu ndikuchepetsa umphawi. Pofika chaka cha 2014, umphawi wonse udachepetsedwa ndi theka, komabe pali kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa umphawi wam'mizinda ndi akumidzi. Kuwerenga ndi kutsika, makamaka pakati pa atsikana, omwe nthawi zambiri amalephera kupitiliza maphunziro awo kupitirira sukulu ya pulaimale.

Ngakhale chiyembekezo cha moyo sichotsika poyerekeza ndi ku Europe, kukhala movutikira komanso kusowa kwa chithandizo chamankhwala kumakhudza moyo wautali. Ndi moyo wovuta kwa azimayi opirirawa, makamaka ngati ali atsikana achichepere adakwatirana msanga.

“Tangolingalirani mtsikana wokwatiwa ali ndi zaka 13 kapena 14 ali ndi ana atatu kapena anayi. Ali ndi zaka 19, akuwoneka kale zaka 50. Salinso wokongola komanso wathanzi, "atero a Saida Oukhali, aku Oum Rabia.

Iye ndi mnzake Aicha Jadda onse adakwatirana ali ndi zaka 16 koma adasudzulana, ali ndi manyazi mgulu la Amazigh. “Sitinali okhwima mokwanira kuti titenge banja,” akutero Saida. “Kutha kwa banja ndi vuto lalikulu. Mumadyedwa ndipo simukulemekezedwanso. "

Ponyalanyaza miseche ya m'mudzimo, atsikanawa tsopano akudzifotokoza kudzera mu nyimbo ndi nyimbo, kumene kupatukana, mavuto ndi kuzunzika kwa amayi ndi mitu yabodza.

Amayi akumidzi omwe ali ndi ana ali ndi mtolo wolemetsa woti awanyamule. “Sitipumula. Timayendabe tsiku lonse mpaka usiku, ”atero a Fatima Kadjik, omwe amakhala ndi apongozi awo a Hafida. Akufotokoza tsiku lililonse: “Ine ndi Hafida timadzuka 6 koloko ndikupanga buledi ndikukonzekeretsa atsikana sukulu. Pambuyo pake, ndimapita ndi ng'ombeyo kumunda kukadya. Kenako timatsuka tirigu, nkuwayala kuti tiume ndikukonzekera chakudya chamasana. Pamenepo ana amakhala atabwerako kusukulu. Ndimapatsa ng'ombeyo madzi ndikupita nayo kukadya. "

Mwamuna wake, Abdellah Hasbi, akuvomereza kuti izi ndizovuta ndipo akukhulupirira kuti zinthu zisintha m'badwo wotsatira. “Ndikuda nkhawa ndi achinyamata ... Ntchito ziyenera kukhazikitsidwa mderali, kuti apange ntchito kwa achinyamata. "

Amuna ngati Abdellah amapeza ntchito yolima nyengo zina koma ulimi waku Moroko ndiwosakhazikika ndipo ndi 18% yokha mdziko muno yomwe imatha kulimidwa, zomwe zimawonjezera kusatetezeka ndi kusatetezeka kwa anthuwa.

Pomwe mabungwe aboma adalowererapo kuti ayese kuphunzitsa achinyamata m'midzi iyi - ndipo ichi ndiye chinsinsi chothanirana ndi zomwe zimapangitsa akazi awa kukhala moyo wosakhululuka. Zitha kukhudza chikhalidwe cha Amazigh koma anthu aku Atlas ambiri atha kukhala ndi mwayi wokhala anthu amtengo wapatali mdziko lonse la Morocco.

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